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Uses

Edible uses

Leaves

Material uses

There are no material uses listed for Bryonia alba.

Medicinal uses(Warning!)

Unknown part

Ecology

Ecosystem niche/layer

Climber

Ecological Functions

Nothing listed.

Forage

Nothing listed.

Shelter

Nothing listed.

Propagation

Practical Plants is currently lacking information on propagation instructions of Bryonia alba. Help us fill in the blanks! Edit this page to add your knowledge.



Cultivation

Practical Plants is currently lacking information on cultivation. Help us fill in the blanks! Edit this page to add your knowledge.

Crops

Problems, pests & diseases

Associations & Interactions

There are no interactions listed for Bryonia alba. Do you know of an interaction that should be listed here? edit this page to add it.

Polycultures & Guilds

There are no polycultures listed which include Bryonia alba.

Descendants

Cultivars

Varieties

None listed.

Subspecies

None listed.

Full Data

This table shows all the data stored for this plant.

Taxonomy
Binomial name
Bryonia alba
Genus
Bryonia
Family
Cucurbitaceae
Imported References
Edible uses
Medicinal uses
Material uses & Functions
Botanic
Propagation
Cultivation
Environment
Cultivation
Uses
Edible uses
None listed.
Material uses
None listed.
Medicinal uses
None listed.
Functions & Nature
Functions
Provides forage for
Provides shelter for
Environment
Hardiness Zone
6
Heat Zone
?
Water
moderate
Sun
full sun
Shade
light shade
Soil PH
Soil Texture
Soil Water Retention
Environmental Tolerances
    Ecosystems
    Native Climate Zones
    None listed.
    Adapted Climate Zones
    None listed.
    Native Geographical Range
    None listed.
    Native Environment
    None listed.
    Ecosystem Niche
    Root Zone Tendancy
    None listed.
    Life
    Deciduous or Evergreen
    ?
    Herbaceous or Woody
    Life Cycle
    Growth Rate
    Mature Size
    4 x meters
    Fertility
    ?
    Pollinators
    Flower Colour
    ?
    Flower Type











    Notes

    Cultivation

    A rapid grower, it is of easy cultivation succeeding in most soils that are well drained[5], avoiding acid soils in the wild[6]. A climbing plant, attaching itself to other plants by means of tendrils[2]. Plants can be easily encouraged by scattering ripe seed at the base of hedgerows[4]. Plants in the north of their range are monoecious, but those growing in the south are dioecious[4]. Where necessary, male and female plants must be grown if seed is required.

    Propagation

    Seed - best sown as soon as it is ripe in a cold frame. Sow stored seed in late winter in a cold frame. When large enough to handle, prick the seedlings out into individual pots and grow them on in the greenhouse for at least their first winter, planting them out into their permanent positions in late spring or early summer, after the last expected frosts. Division in early spring.

    Range

    Europe to W. Asia - Iran.

    Habitat

    Vineyards and woods[3].

    Known hazards

    All parts of the plant, and especially the root, are poisonous[3]. The root can cause severe diarrhoea and vomiting, resulting in death within a matter of hours[3].

    Edible uses

    One report says that the young shoots are edible[1], though caution is advised[K]. See the notes above on toxicity.

    Material uses

    None known

    Medicinal uses

    The root is cathartic, hydrogogue, irritant, pectoral and purgative[2]. The root is harvested in the autumn and can be used either fresh or dried[2]. It should be used with great caution, see notes above on toxicity. The fresh root, gathered before the plant comes into flower, is made into a homeopathic remedy[3]. This is used in the treatment of a wide range of complaints[3]. It is said to be one of the best diuretics and an excellent remedy for gravel as well as all other obstructions and disorders of the urinary passage[2].


    References

    1. ? 1.01.1 Hedrick. U. P. Sturtevant's Edible Plants of the World. Dover Publications ISBN 0-486-20459-6 (1972-00-00)
    2. ? 2.02.12.22.32.4 Grieve. A Modern Herbal. Penguin ISBN 0-14-046-440-9 (1984-00-00)
    3. ? 3.03.13.23.33.43.5 Castro. M. The Complete Homeopathy Handbook. Macmillan. London. ISBN 0-333-55581-3 (1990-00-00)
    4. ? 4.04.14.2 Huxley. A. The New RHS Dictionary of Gardening. 1992. MacMillan Press ISBN 0-333-47494-5 (1992-00-00)
    5. ? F. Chittendon. RHS Dictionary of Plants plus Supplement. 1956 Oxford University Press (1951-00-00)
    6. ? Clapham, Tootin and Warburg. Flora of the British Isles. Cambridge University Press (1962-00-00)