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|genus=Astragalus
 
|genus=Astragalus
 
|edible part and use={{Has part with edible use
 
|edible part and use={{Has part with edible use
|part used=Manna
+
|part used=Sap
|part used for=Unknown use}}
+
|part used for=Manna}}
 
|functions={{Plant functions as|function=Nitrogen fixer}}
 
|functions={{Plant functions as|function=Nitrogen fixer}}
 
|sun=full sun
 
|sun=full sun
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|edible uses references=PFAFimport-177
 
|edible uses references=PFAFimport-177
  
|cultivation=Requires a dry well-drained soil in a sunny position{{Ref | PFAFimport-1}}.
+
|cultivation notes=
 +
|PFAF cultivation notes=Requires a dry well-drained soil in a sunny position{{Ref | PFAFimport-1}}.
 
Plants are intolerant of root disturbance and are best planted in their final positions whilst still small{{Ref | PFAFimport-200}}.
 
Plants are intolerant of root disturbance and are best planted in their final positions whilst still small{{Ref | PFAFimport-200}}.
 
This species has a symbiotic relationship with certain soil bacteria, these bacteria form nodules on the roots and fix atmospheric nitrogen. Some of this nitrogen is utilized by the growing plant but some can also be used by other plants growing nearby{{Ref | PFAFimport-200}}. Many members of this genus can be difficult to grow, this may be due partly to a lack of their specific bacterial associations in the soil{{Ref | PFAFimport-200}}.
 
This species has a symbiotic relationship with certain soil bacteria, these bacteria form nodules on the roots and fix atmospheric nitrogen. Some of this nitrogen is utilized by the growing plant but some can also be used by other plants growing nearby{{Ref | PFAFimport-200}}. Many members of this genus can be difficult to grow, this may be due partly to a lack of their specific bacterial associations in the soil{{Ref | PFAFimport-200}}.
|propagation=Seed - best sown as soon as it is ripe in a cold frame{{Ref | PFAFimport-200}}. A period of cold stratification may help stored seed to germinate{{Ref | PFAFimport-200}}. Stored seed, and perhaps also fresh seed, should be pre-soaked for 24 hours in hot water before sowing - but make sure that you do not cook the seed{{Ref | PFAFimport-134}}{{Ref | PFAFimport-200}}. Any seed that does not swell should be carefully pricked with a needle, taking care not to damage the embryo, and re-soaked for a further 24 hours{{Ref | PFAFimport-134}}{{Ref | PFAFimport-200}}. Germination can be slow and erratic but is usually within 4 - 9 weeks or more at 13°c if the seed is treated or sown fresh{{Ref | PFAFimport-134}}. As soon as it is large enough to handle, prick the seedlings out into individual pots and grow them on in the greenhouse for their first winter, planting them out into their permanent positions in late spring or early summer, after the last expected frosts.
+
|propagation notes=
 +
|PFAF propagation notes=Seed - best sown as soon as it is ripe in a cold frame{{Ref | PFAFimport-200}}. A period of cold stratification may help stored seed to germinate{{Ref | PFAFimport-200}}. Stored seed, and perhaps also fresh seed, should be pre-soaked for 24 hours in hot water before sowing - but make sure that you do not cook the seed{{Ref | PFAFimport-134}}{{Ref | PFAFimport-200}}. Any seed that does not swell should be carefully pricked with a needle, taking care not to damage the embryo, and re-soaked for a further 24 hours{{Ref | PFAFimport-134}}{{Ref | PFAFimport-200}}. Germination can be slow and erratic but is usually within 4 - 9 weeks or more at 13°c if the seed is treated or sown fresh{{Ref | PFAFimport-134}}. As soon as it is large enough to handle, prick the seedlings out into individual pots and grow them on in the greenhouse for their first winter, planting them out into their permanent positions in late spring or early summer, after the last expected frosts.
 
|range=W. Asia - Syria.
 
|range=W. Asia - Syria.
 
|habitat=Not known
 
|habitat=Not known
|toxicity notes=Many members of this genus contain toxic glycosides{{Ref | PFAFimport-65}}. All species with edible seedpods can be distinguished by their fleshy round or oval seedpod that looks somewhat like a greengage{{Ref | PFAFimport-85}}. A number of species can also accumulate toxic levels of selenium when grown in soils that are relatively rich in that element{{Ref | PFAFimport-65}}.
+
|toxicity notes=
 +
|PFAF toxicity notes=Many members of this genus contain toxic glycosides{{Ref | PFAFimport-65}}. All species with edible seedpods can be distinguished by their fleshy round or oval seedpod that looks somewhat like a greengage{{Ref | PFAFimport-85}}. A number of species can also accumulate toxic levels of selenium when grown in soils that are relatively rich in that element{{Ref | PFAFimport-65}}.
  
|edible use notes=A sweet manna exudes from the plant{{Ref | PFAFimport-177}}. Manna can be used as a sweetener in various foods, or to make a drink[K].
+
|edible use notes=
 +
|PFAF edible use notes=A sweet manna exudes from the plant{{Ref | PFAFimport-177}}. Manna can be used as a sweetener in various foods, or to make a drink[K].
 
|enabled=Yes
 
|enabled=Yes
 
|title irregular=No
 
|title irregular=No
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|id=ISBN 0-333-47494-5
 
|id=ISBN 0-333-47494-5
 
|date=1992-00-00}}
 
|date=1992-00-00}}
 +
}}{{Article state
 +
|article cleanup=Yes
 +
|article incomplete=Yes
 +
|article citations=No
 
}}
 
}}

Latest revision as of 12:22, 4 May 2013

Uses

Toxic parts

Many members of this genus contain toxic glycosides[1]. All species with edible seedpods can be distinguished by their fleshy round or oval seedpod that looks somewhat like a greengage[2]. A number of species can also accumulate toxic levels of selenium when grown in soils that are relatively rich in that element[1].

Edible uses

Notes

A sweet manna exudes from the plant[3]. Manna can be used as a sweetener in various foods, or to make a drink[K].

Sap

Material uses

There are no material uses listed for Astragalus echinus.

Medicinal uses(Warning!)

There are no medicinal uses listed for Astragalus echinus.

Ecology

Ecosystem niche/layer

Ecological Functions

Nitrogen fixer

Forage

Nothing listed.

Shelter

Nothing listed.

Propagation

Seed - best sown as soon as it is ripe in a cold frame[4]. A period of cold stratification may help stored seed to germinate[4]. Stored seed, and perhaps also fresh seed, should be pre-soaked for 24 hours in hot water before sowing - but make sure that you do not cook the seed[5][4]. Any seed that does not swell should be carefully pricked with a needle, taking care not to damage the embryo, and re-soaked for a further 24 hours[5][4]. Germination can be slow and erratic but is usually within 4 - 9 weeks or more at 13°c if the seed is treated or sown fresh[5]. As soon as it is large enough to handle, prick the seedlings out into individual pots and grow them on in the greenhouse for their first winter, planting them out into their permanent positions in late spring or early summer, after the last expected frosts.

Practical Plants is currently lacking information on propagation instructions of Astragalus echinus. Help us fill in the blanks! Edit this page to add your knowledge.



Cultivation

Requires a dry well-drained soil in a sunny position[6].

Plants are intolerant of root disturbance and are best planted in their final positions whilst still small[4].

This species has a symbiotic relationship with certain soil bacteria, these bacteria form nodules on the roots and fix atmospheric nitrogen. Some of this nitrogen is utilized by the growing plant but some can also be used by other plants growing nearby[4]. Many members of this genus can be difficult to grow, this may be due partly to a lack of their specific bacterial associations in the soil[4].

Crops

Problems, pests & diseases

Associations & Interactions

There are no interactions listed for Astragalus echinus. Do you know of an interaction that should be listed here? edit this page to add it.

Polycultures & Guilds

There are no polycultures listed which include Astragalus echinus.

Descendants

Cultivars

Varieties

None listed.

Subspecies

None listed.

Full Data

This table shows all the data stored for this plant.

Taxonomy
Binomial name
Astragalus echinus
Genus
Astragalus
Family
Leguminosae
Imported References
Edible uses
Medicinal uses
Material uses & Functions
Botanic
Propagation
Cultivation
Environment
Cultivation
Uses
Edible uses
None listed.
Material uses
None listed.
Medicinal uses
None listed.
Functions & Nature
Functions
Provides forage for
Provides shelter for
Environment
Hardiness Zone
?
Heat Zone
?
Water
low
Sun
full sun
Shade
no shade
Soil PH
Soil Texture
Soil Water Retention
Environmental Tolerances
    Ecosystems
    Native Climate Zones
    None listed.
    Adapted Climate Zones
    None listed.
    Native Geographical Range
    None listed.
    Native Environment
    None listed.
    Ecosystem Niche
    None listed.
    Root Zone Tendancy
    None listed.
    Life
    Deciduous or Evergreen
    ?
    Herbaceous or Woody
    ?
    Life Cycle
    Growth Rate
    ?
    Mature Size
    Fertility
    ?
    Pollinators
    Flower Colour
    ?
    Flower Type











    References

    1. ? 1.01.1 Frohne. D. and Pf?nder. J. A Colour Atlas of Poisonous Plants. Wolfe ISBN 0723408394 (1984-00-00)
    2. ? Harrington. H. D. Edible Native Plants of the Rocky Mountains. University of New Mexico Press ISBN 0-8623-0343-9 (1967-00-00)
    3. ? 3.03.1 Kunkel. G. Plants for Human Consumption. Koeltz Scientific Books ISBN 3874292169 (1984-00-00)
    4. ? 4.04.14.24.34.44.54.64.7 Huxley. A. The New RHS Dictionary of Gardening. 1992. MacMillan Press ISBN 0-333-47494-5 (1992-00-00)
    5. ? 5.05.15.2 Rice. G. (Editor) Growing from Seed. Volume 2. Thompson and Morgan. (1988-00-00)
    6. ? F. Chittendon. RHS Dictionary of Plants plus Supplement. 1956 Oxford University Press (1951-00-00)