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m (Text replace - "}} {{Article state |article incomplete=Yes }} {{PFAF import" to "")
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{{Plant
 
{{Plant
 +
|primary image=Asclepiaspumila.jpg
 
|common=Low Milkweed
 
|common=Low Milkweed
 
|binomial=Asclepias pumila
 
|binomial=Asclepias pumila
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|material uses references=PFAFimport-95,PFAFimport-112,PFAFimport-169,PFAFimport-159,PFAFimport-171,PFAFimport-207,PFAFimport-46,PFAFimport-57,PFAFimport-102,PFAFimport-74
 
|material uses references=PFAFimport-95,PFAFimport-112,PFAFimport-169,PFAFimport-159,PFAFimport-171,PFAFimport-207,PFAFimport-46,PFAFimport-57,PFAFimport-102,PFAFimport-74
  
|cultivation=Succeeds in any good soil{{Ref | PFAFimport-187}}. Prefers a well-drained light rich or peaty soil{{Ref | PFAFimport-1}}{{Ref | PFAFimport-200}}. Requires a moist peaty soil and a sunny position{{Ref | PFAFimport-111}}{{Ref | PFAFimport-134}}.
+
|cultivation notes=
 +
|PFAF cultivation notes=Succeeds in any good soil{{Ref | PFAFimport-187}}. Prefers a well-drained light rich or peaty soil{{Ref | PFAFimport-1}}{{Ref | PFAFimport-200}}. Requires a moist peaty soil and a sunny position{{Ref | PFAFimport-111}}{{Ref | PFAFimport-134}}.
 
A good bee plant{{Ref | PFAFimport-50}}{{Ref | PFAFimport-74}}. The flower of many members of this genus can trap insects between its anther cells, the struggles of the insect in escaping ensure the pollination of the plant{{Ref | PFAFimport-207}}.
 
A good bee plant{{Ref | PFAFimport-50}}{{Ref | PFAFimport-74}}. The flower of many members of this genus can trap insects between its anther cells, the struggles of the insect in escaping ensure the pollination of the plant{{Ref | PFAFimport-207}}.
 
Many members of this genus seem to be particularly prone to damage by slugs. The young growth in spring is especially vulnerable, but older growth is also attacked and even well-established plants have been destroyed in wet years[K].
 
Many members of this genus seem to be particularly prone to damage by slugs. The young growth in spring is especially vulnerable, but older growth is also attacked and even well-established plants have been destroyed in wet years[K].
 
Plants resent root disturbance and are best planted into their final positions whilst small{{Ref | PFAFimport-134}}.
 
Plants resent root disturbance and are best planted into their final positions whilst small{{Ref | PFAFimport-134}}.
|propagation=Seed - best sown in a greenhouse as soon as it is ripe in the autumn or in late winter{{Ref | PFAFimport-134}}{{Ref | PFAFimport-169}}. We have also had good results from sowing the seed in the greenhouse in early spring[K], though stored seed might need 2 - 3 weeks cold stratification{{Ref | PFAFimport-134}}. Germination usually takes place in 1 - 3 months at 18°c{{Ref | PFAFimport-134}}. As soon as the seedlings are large enough to handle, prick them out into individual pots and grow them on in the greenhouse for their first winter. Plant out when they are in active growth in late spring or early summer and give them some protection from slugs until they are growing away strongly.
+
|propagation notes=
 +
|PFAF propagation notes=Seed - best sown in a greenhouse as soon as it is ripe in the autumn or in late winter{{Ref | PFAFimport-134}}{{Ref | PFAFimport-169}}. We have also had good results from sowing the seed in the greenhouse in early spring[K], though stored seed might need 2 - 3 weeks cold stratification{{Ref | PFAFimport-134}}. Germination usually takes place in 1 - 3 months at 18°c{{Ref | PFAFimport-134}}. As soon as the seedlings are large enough to handle, prick them out into individual pots and grow them on in the greenhouse for their first winter. Plant out when they are in active growth in late spring or early summer and give them some protection from slugs until they are growing away strongly.
 
Division in spring. With great care since the plant resents root disturbance. Pot the divisions up and place them in a lightly shaded position in the greenhouse until they are growing away strongly, then plant them out in the summer, giving them some protection from slugs until they are established..
 
Division in spring. With great care since the plant resents root disturbance. Pot the divisions up and place them in a lightly shaded position in the greenhouse until they are growing away strongly, then plant them out in the summer, giving them some protection from slugs until they are established..
 
Basal cuttings in late spring. Use shoots about 10cm long with as much of their white underground stem as possible. Pot them up individually and place them in a lightly shaded position in a greenhouse until they are rooting and growing actively. If the plants grow sufficiently, they can be put into their permanent positions in the summer, otherwise keep them in the greenhouse until the following spring and when they are in active growth plant them out into their permanent positions. Give them some protection from slugs until they are established.
 
Basal cuttings in late spring. Use shoots about 10cm long with as much of their white underground stem as possible. Pot them up individually and place them in a lightly shaded position in a greenhouse until they are rooting and growing actively. If the plants grow sufficiently, they can be put into their permanent positions in the summer, otherwise keep them in the greenhouse until the following spring and when they are in active growth plant them out into their permanent positions. Give them some protection from slugs until they are established.
 
|range=Western N. America - Iowa to South Dakota, Arkansas, Wyoming, Texas, Colorado and New Mexico.
 
|range=Western N. America - Iowa to South Dakota, Arkansas, Wyoming, Texas, Colorado and New Mexico.
 
|habitat=Sandy, clayey or rocky calcareous or gypseous soils of prairies{{Ref | PFAFimport-228}}.
 
|habitat=Sandy, clayey or rocky calcareous or gypseous soils of prairies{{Ref | PFAFimport-228}}.
|hazards=Although no specific reports have been seen for this species, many, if not all, members of this genus contain toxic resinoids, alkaloids and cardiac glycosides{{Ref | PFAFimport-274}}. They are usually avoided by grazing animals{{Ref | PFAFimport-274}}.
+
|toxicity notes=
 +
|PFAF toxicity notes=Although no specific reports have been seen for this species, many, if not all, members of this genus contain toxic resinoids, alkaloids and cardiac glycosides{{Ref | PFAFimport-274}}. They are usually avoided by grazing animals{{Ref | PFAFimport-274}}.
 
This species is said to be poisonous to livestock{{Ref | PFAFimport-228}}.
 
This species is said to be poisonous to livestock{{Ref | PFAFimport-228}}.
|uses=The following reports refer to other members of this genus and are possibly also appropriate for this species[K].
+
|material use notes=
 +
|PFAF material use notes=The following reports refer to other members of this genus and are possibly also appropriate for this species[K].
 
A good quality fibre is obtained from the bark, used in making twine, cloth, paper etc{{Ref | PFAFimport-95}}{{Ref | PFAFimport-112}}{{Ref | PFAFimport-169}}. It is of poor quality in wet seasons{{Ref | PFAFimport-112}}. It is easily harvested in late autumn after the plant has died down by simply pulling the fibres off the dried stems{{Ref | PFAFimport-169}}.
 
A good quality fibre is obtained from the bark, used in making twine, cloth, paper etc{{Ref | PFAFimport-95}}{{Ref | PFAFimport-112}}{{Ref | PFAFimport-169}}. It is of poor quality in wet seasons{{Ref | PFAFimport-112}}. It is easily harvested in late autumn after the plant has died down by simply pulling the fibres off the dried stems{{Ref | PFAFimport-169}}.
 
The seed floss is used to stuff pillows etc or is mixed with other fibres to make cloth{{Ref | PFAFimport-112}}{{Ref | PFAFimport-159}}{{Ref | PFAFimport-169}}{{Ref | PFAFimport-171}}. It is a Kapok substitute, used in Life Jackets or as a stuffing material{{Ref | PFAFimport-112}}. Very water repellent, it can yield up to 550 kilos per hectare{{Ref | PFAFimport-112}}. The floss has also been used to mop up oil spills at sea. Candlewicks can be made from the seed floss{{Ref | PFAFimport-112}}{{Ref | PFAFimport-207}}.
 
The seed floss is used to stuff pillows etc or is mixed with other fibres to make cloth{{Ref | PFAFimport-112}}{{Ref | PFAFimport-159}}{{Ref | PFAFimport-169}}{{Ref | PFAFimport-171}}. It is a Kapok substitute, used in Life Jackets or as a stuffing material{{Ref | PFAFimport-112}}. Very water repellent, it can yield up to 550 kilos per hectare{{Ref | PFAFimport-112}}. The floss has also been used to mop up oil spills at sea. Candlewicks can be made from the seed floss{{Ref | PFAFimport-112}}{{Ref | PFAFimport-207}}.
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Pods contain an oil and a wax which are of potential importance.
 
Pods contain an oil and a wax which are of potential importance.
 
The seed contains up to 20% of an edible semi-drying oil{{Ref | PFAFimport-74}}{{Ref | PFAFimport-112}}. It is also used in making liquid soap{{Ref | PFAFimport-74}}.
 
The seed contains up to 20% of an edible semi-drying oil{{Ref | PFAFimport-74}}{{Ref | PFAFimport-112}}. It is also used in making liquid soap{{Ref | PFAFimport-74}}.
|edible=The following reports refer to other members of this genus and are possibly also appropriate for this species[K].
+
|edible use notes=
 +
|PFAF edible use notes=The following reports refer to other members of this genus and are possibly also appropriate for this species[K].
  
 
Unopened flower buds - cooked. They taste somewhat like peas. They are used like broccoli{{Ref | PFAFimport-183}}.
 
Unopened flower buds - cooked. They taste somewhat like peas. They are used like broccoli{{Ref | PFAFimport-183}}.
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An edible oil is obtained from the seed{{Ref | PFAFimport-55}}{{Ref | PFAFimport-171}}.
 
An edible oil is obtained from the seed{{Ref | PFAFimport-55}}{{Ref | PFAFimport-171}}.
 
The latex in the stems is made into a chewing gum{{Ref | PFAFimport-46}}{{Ref | PFAFimport-61}}. It is found mainly in the leaves and is destroyed by frost{{Ref | PFAFimport-112}}. Yields are higher on dry soils{{Ref | PFAFimport-112}}.
 
The latex in the stems is made into a chewing gum{{Ref | PFAFimport-46}}{{Ref | PFAFimport-61}}. It is found mainly in the leaves and is destroyed by frost{{Ref | PFAFimport-112}}. Yields are higher on dry soils{{Ref | PFAFimport-112}}.
|medicinal=An infusion of the leaves is used in the treatment of diarrhoea, the remedy can be given to children{{Ref | PFAFimport-257}}.
+
|medicinal use notes=
 +
|PFAF medicinal use notes=An infusion of the leaves is used in the treatment of diarrhoea, the remedy can be given to children{{Ref | PFAFimport-257}}.
 
|enabled=Yes
 
|enabled=Yes
 
|title irregular=No
 
|title irregular=No
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|id=http://artemis.austincollege.edu/acad/bio/gdiggs/NCTXpdf.htm
 
|id=http://artemis.austincollege.edu/acad/bio/gdiggs/NCTXpdf.htm
 
|date=1999-00-00}}
 
|date=1999-00-00}}
 +
}}{{Article state
 +
|article cleanup=Yes
 +
|article incomplete=Yes
 +
|article citations=No
 
}}
 
}}

Latest revision as of 12:20, 4 May 2013

Uses

Toxic parts

Although no specific reports have been seen for this species, many, if not all, members of this genus contain toxic resinoids, alkaloids and cardiac glycosides[1]. They are usually avoided by grazing animals[1]. This species is said to be poisonous to livestock[2].

Edible uses

Notes

The following reports refer to other members of this genus and are possibly also appropriate for this species[K].

Unopened flower buds - cooked. They taste somewhat like peas. They are used like broccoli[3]. Flowers and young flower buds - cooked. Used as a flavouring and a thickener in soups etc[4][5]. The flower clusters can be boiled down to make a sugary syrup[6][7]. The flowers are harvested in the early morning with the dew still on them[8]. When boiled up it makes a brown sugar[8]. Young shoots - cooked. An asparagus substitute[6][9][10][4][11][8][3]. They should be used when less than 20cm tall[12]. A slightly bitter taste[12]. Tips of older shoots are cooked like spinach[7][3]. Young seed pods, 3 - 4 cm long, cooked[6][10][4][7]. They are very appetizing. Best used when about 2 - 4cm long and before the seed floss forms, on older pods remove any seed floss before cooking them[7][12]. If picked at the right time, the pods resemble okra[3]. The sprouted seeds can be eaten[3]. An edible oil is obtained from the seed[4][13].

The latex in the stems is made into a chewing gum[14][15]. It is found mainly in the leaves and is destroyed by frost[16]. Yields are higher on dry soils[16].

Flowers

Unknown part

Leaves

Seedpod

Material uses

The following reports refer to other members of this genus and are possibly also appropriate for this species[K].

A good quality fibre is obtained from the bark, used in making twine, cloth, paper etc[8][16][17]. It is of poor quality in wet seasons[16]. It is easily harvested in late autumn after the plant has died down by simply pulling the fibres off the dried stems[17]. The seed floss is used to stuff pillows etc or is mixed with other fibres to make cloth[16][12][17][13]. It is a Kapok substitute, used in Life Jackets or as a stuffing material[16]. Very water repellent, it can yield up to 550 kilos per hectare[16]. The floss has also been used to mop up oil spills at sea. Candlewicks can be made from the seed floss[16][18]. Rubber can be made from latex contained in the leaves and the stems[14][19][5][12]. It is found mainly in the leaves and is destroyed by frost[16]. Yields are higher on dry soils[16]. Pods contain an oil and a wax which are of potential importance.

The seed contains up to 20% of an edible semi-drying oil[20][16]. It is also used in making liquid soap[20].

Medicinal uses(Warning!)

An infusion of the leaves is used in the treatment of diarrhoea, the remedy can be given to children[21].

Unknown part

Ecology

Ecosystem niche/layer

Ecological Functions

Nothing listed.

Forage

Nothing listed.

Shelter

Nothing listed.

Propagation

Seed - best sown in a greenhouse as soon as it is ripe in the autumn or in late winter[22][17]. We have also had good results from sowing the seed in the greenhouse in early spring[K], though stored seed might need 2 - 3 weeks cold stratification[22]. Germination usually takes place in 1 - 3 months at 18°c[22]. As soon as the seedlings are large enough to handle, prick them out into individual pots and grow them on in the greenhouse for their first winter. Plant out when they are in active growth in late spring or early summer and give them some protection from slugs until they are growing away strongly.

Division in spring. With great care since the plant resents root disturbance. Pot the divisions up and place them in a lightly shaded position in the greenhouse until they are growing away strongly, then plant them out in the summer, giving them some protection from slugs until they are established..

Basal cuttings in late spring. Use shoots about 10cm long with as much of their white underground stem as possible. Pot them up individually and place them in a lightly shaded position in a greenhouse until they are rooting and growing actively. If the plants grow sufficiently, they can be put into their permanent positions in the summer, otherwise keep them in the greenhouse until the following spring and when they are in active growth plant them out into their permanent positions. Give them some protection from slugs until they are established.

Practical Plants is currently lacking information on propagation instructions of Asclepias pumila. Help us fill in the blanks! Edit this page to add your knowledge.



Cultivation

Succeeds in any good soil[23]. Prefers a well-drained light rich or peaty soil[24][25]. Requires a moist peaty soil and a sunny position[26][22].

A good bee plant[27][20]. The flower of many members of this genus can trap insects between its anther cells, the struggles of the insect in escaping ensure the pollination of the plant[18]. Many members of this genus seem to be particularly prone to damage by slugs. The young growth in spring is especially vulnerable, but older growth is also attacked and even well-established plants have been destroyed in wet years[K].

Plants resent root disturbance and are best planted into their final positions whilst small[22].

Crops

Problems, pests & diseases

Associations & Interactions

There are no interactions listed for Asclepias pumila. Do you know of an interaction that should be listed here? edit this page to add it.

Polycultures & Guilds

There are no polycultures listed which include Asclepias pumila.

Descendants

Cultivars

Varieties

None listed.

Subspecies

None listed.

Full Data

This table shows all the data stored for this plant.

Taxonomy
Binomial name
Asclepias pumila
Genus
Asclepias
Family
Asclepiadaceae
Imported References
Material uses & Functions
Botanic
Propagation
Cultivation
Environment
Cultivation
Uses
Edible uses
None listed.
Material uses
None listed.
Medicinal uses
None listed.
Functions & Nature
Functions
Provides forage for
Provides shelter for
Environment
Hardiness Zone
6
Heat Zone
?
Water
moderate
Sun
full sun
Shade
light shade
Soil PH
Soil Texture
Soil Water Retention
Environmental Tolerances
    Ecosystems
    Native Climate Zones
    None listed.
    Adapted Climate Zones
    None listed.
    Native Geographical Range
    None listed.
    Native Environment
    None listed.
    Ecosystem Niche
    None listed.
    Root Zone Tendancy
    None listed.
    Life
    Deciduous or Evergreen
    ?
    Herbaceous or Woody
    ?
    Life Cycle
    Growth Rate
    ?
    Mature Size
    Fertility
    ?
    Pollinators
    Flower Colour
    ?
    Flower Type

    "image:Asclepiaspumila.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki. "image:Asclepiaspumila.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki. "image:Asclepiaspumila.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.

    "image:Asclepiaspumila.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki. "image:Asclepiaspumila.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.


    "image:Asclepiaspumila.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.

    "image:Asclepiaspumila.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.

    "image:Asclepiaspumila.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki., "image:Asclepiaspumila.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki., "image:Asclepiaspumila.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki. "image:Asclepiaspumila.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki., "image:Asclepiaspumila.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki. "image:Asclepiaspumila.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki. "image:Asclepiaspumila.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.






    References

    1. ? 1.01.1 Diggs, Jnr. G.M.; Lipscomb. B. L. & O'Kennon. R. J [Illustrated Flora of North Central Texas] Botanical Research Institute, Texas. (1999-00-00)
    2. ? McGregor. R. L. & Barkley. T. M. Flora of the Great Plains. University Press of Kansas. ISBN 070060295x (1986-00-00)
    3. ? 3.03.13.23.33.43.5 Facciola. S. Cornucopia - A Source Book of Edible Plants. Kampong Publications ISBN 0-9628087-0-9 (1990-00-00)
    4. ? 4.04.14.24.34.4 Harris. B. C. Eat the Weeds. Pivot Health (1973-00-00)
    5. ? 5.05.15.25.3 Kavasch. B. Native Harvests. Vintage Books ISBN 0-394-72811-4 (1979-00-00)
    6. ? 6.06.16.26.3 Hedrick. U. P. Sturtevant's Edible Plants of the World. Dover Publications ISBN 0-486-20459-6 (1972-00-00)
    7. ? 7.07.17.27.37.4 Harrington. H. D. Edible Native Plants of the Rocky Mountains. University of New Mexico Press ISBN 0-8623-0343-9 (1967-00-00)
    8. ? 8.08.18.28.38.48.5 Saunders. C. F. Edible and Useful Wild Plants of the United States and Canada. Dover Publications ISBN 0-486-23310-3 (1976-00-00)
    9. ? 9.09.1 Grieve. A Modern Herbal. Penguin ISBN 0-14-046-440-9 (1984-00-00)
    10. ? 10.010.110.2 Fernald. M. L. Gray's Manual of Botany. American Book Co. (1950-00-00)
    11. ? 11.011.1 Elias. T. and Dykeman. P. A Field Guide to N. American Edible Wild Plants. Van Nostrand Reinhold ISBN 0442222009 (1982-00-00)
    12. ? 12.012.112.212.312.412.512.6 McPherson. A. and S. Wild Food Plants of Indiana. Indiana University Press ISBN 0-253-28925-4 (1977-00-00)
    13. ? 13.013.113.213.3 Hill. A. F. Economic Botany. The Maple Press (1952-00-00)
    14. ? 14.014.114.214.3 Uphof. J. C. Th. Dictionary of Economic Plants. Weinheim (1959-00-00)
    15. ? 15.015.1 Usher. G. A Dictionary of Plants Used by Man. Constable ISBN 0094579202 (1974-00-00)
    16. ? 16.0016.0116.0216.0316.0416.0516.0616.0716.0816.0916.1016.1116.12 Whiting. A. G. A Summary of the Literature on Milkweeds (Asclepias spp) and their utilization. ()
    17. ? 17.017.117.217.317.4 Buchanan. R. A Weavers Garden. ()
    18. ? 18.018.118.2 Coffey. T. The History and Folklore of North American Wild Flowers. Facts on File. ISBN 0-8160-2624-6 (1993-00-00)
    19. ? 19.019.1 Schery. R. W. Plants for Man. ()
    20. ? 20.020.120.220.3 Komarov. V. L. Flora of the USSR. Israel Program for Scientific Translation (1968-00-00)
    21. ? 21.021.1 Moerman. D. Native American Ethnobotany Timber Press. Oregon. ISBN 0-88192-453-9 (1998-00-00)
    22. ? 22.022.122.222.322.4 Rice. G. (Editor) Growing from Seed. Volume 2. Thompson and Morgan. (1988-00-00)
    23. ? Phillips. R. & Rix. M. Perennials Volumes 1 and 2. Pan Books ISBN 0-330-30936-9 (1991-00-00)
    24. ? F. Chittendon. RHS Dictionary of Plants plus Supplement. 1956 Oxford University Press (1951-00-00)
    25. ? 25.025.1 Huxley. A. The New RHS Dictionary of Gardening. 1992. MacMillan Press ISBN 0-333-47494-5 (1992-00-00)
    26. ? Sanders. T. W. Popular Hardy Perennials. Collingridge (1926-00-00)
    27. ? ? Flora Europaea Cambridge University Press (1964-00-00)
    28. ? Britton. N. L. Brown. A. An Illustrated Flora of the Northern United States and Canada Dover Publications. New York. ISBN 0-486-22642-5 (1970-00-00)

    "image:Asclepiaspumila.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.