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|range=Europe - Caucasus. An occasional garden escape in Britain{{Ref | PFAFimport-17}}.
 
|range=Europe - Caucasus. An occasional garden escape in Britain{{Ref | PFAFimport-17}}.
 
|habitat=Sides of arable fields, waste places, roadsides and steppes on stony hills{{Ref | PFAFimport-45}}{{Ref | PFAFimport-187}}.
 
|habitat=Sides of arable fields, waste places, roadsides and steppes on stony hills{{Ref | PFAFimport-45}}{{Ref | PFAFimport-187}}.
|uses=A red dye is obtained from the root{{Ref | PFAFimport-7}}. This was at one time used as a basis for some cosmetics{{Ref | PFAFimport-7}}.
+
|material use notes=A red dye is obtained from the root{{Ref | PFAFimport-7}}. This was at one time used as a basis for some cosmetics{{Ref | PFAFimport-7}}.
 
|edible=Flowers - raw. An excellent and decorative addition to the salad bowl, or used as a garnish{{Ref | PFAFimport-183}}.
 
|edible=Flowers - raw. An excellent and decorative addition to the salad bowl, or used as a garnish{{Ref | PFAFimport-183}}.
 
The tender young leaves and young flowering shoots can be cooked and eaten as a vegetable{{Ref | PFAFimport-7}}.
 
The tender young leaves and young flowering shoots can be cooked and eaten as a vegetable{{Ref | PFAFimport-7}}.

Revision as of 14:37, 18 June 2012

Uses

Edible uses

Flowers

Leaves

Material uses

A red dye is obtained from the root[1]. This was at one time used as a basis for some cosmetics[1].

Unknown part

Dye

Medicinal uses(Warning!)

The whole plant is antitussive, depurative, diaphoretic and diuretic[1]. It is harvested when in flower and dried for later use. The dried and powdered herb is used as a poultice to treat inflammations[1]. Use internally with caution, the plant contains the alkaloid cynoglossine which can have a paralyzing effect[1].

Ecology

Ecosystem niche/layer

Ecological Functions

Nothing listed.

Forage

Nothing listed.

Shelter

Nothing listed.

Propagation

Seed - sow spring in pots of sandy soil[2]. An overnight drop in temperature helps germination[3]. The seed usually germinates in 1 - 4 weeks at 21°c[3]. When large enough to handle, prick the seedlings out into individual pots and plant them out in the summer. Division in early spring[2]. Root cuttings in autumn or early winter. Late winter is best[2].

Practical Plants is currently lacking information on propagation instructions of Anchusa azurea. Help us fill in the blanks! Edit this page to add your knowledge.



Cultivation

Succeeds in most soils, preferring a sunny position[4][5]. Prefers a fertile well-drained soil[5]. Tolerates heavy clay[2]. Requires a deep well-drained soil[6]. Established plants tolerate drought[6]. Plants are hardy to about -15°c[6]. The flowers are a good source of food for bees[4]. Many named forms have been selected for their ornamental value[6]. The plants tend to be short-lived perennials but they can be propagated by means of root cuttings[6].

Crops

Problems, pests & diseases

Associations & Interactions

There are no interactions listed for Anchusa azurea. Do you know of an interaction that should be listed here? edit this page to add it.

Polycultures & Guilds

There are no polycultures listed which include Anchusa azurea.

Descendants

Cultivars

Varieties

None listed.

Subspecies

None listed.

Full Data

This table shows all the data stored for this plant.

Taxonomy
Binomial name
Anchusa azurea
Genus
Anchusa
Family
Boraginaceae
Imported References
Edible uses
Medicinal uses
Material uses & Functions
Botanic
Propagation
Cultivation
Environment
Cultivation
Uses
Edible uses
None listed.
Material uses
None listed.
Medicinal uses
None listed.
Functions & Nature
Functions
Provides forage for
Provides shelter for
Environment
Hardiness Zone
3
Heat Zone
?
Water
moderate
Sun
full sun
Shade
no shade
Soil PH
Soil Texture
Soil Water Retention
Environmental Tolerances
  • Drought
Ecosystems
Native Climate Zones
None listed.
Adapted Climate Zones
None listed.
Native Geographical Range
None listed.
Native Environment
None listed.
Ecosystem Niche
None listed.
Root Zone Tendancy
None listed.
Life
Deciduous or Evergreen
?
Herbaceous or Woody
?
Life Cycle
Growth Rate
?
Mature Size
Fertility
?
Pollinators
Flower Colour
?
Flower Type











References

  1. ? 1.01.11.21.31.41.51.61.7 Chiej. R. Encyclopaedia of Medicinal Plants. MacDonald ISBN 0-356-10541-5 (1984-00-00)
  2. ? 2.02.12.22.32.4 Huxley. A. The New RHS Dictionary of Gardening. 1992. MacMillan Press ISBN 0-333-47494-5 (1992-00-00)
  3. ? 3.03.1 Rice. G. (Editor) Growing from Seed. Volume 1. Thompson and Morgan. (1987-00-00)
  4. ? 4.04.1 F. Chittendon. RHS Dictionary of Plants plus Supplement. 1956 Oxford University Press (1951-00-00)
  5. ? 5.05.1 Sanders. T. W. Popular Hardy Perennials. Collingridge (1926-00-00)
  6. ? 6.06.16.26.36.4 Phillips. R. & Rix. M. Perennials Volumes 1 and 2. Pan Books ISBN 0-330-30936-9 (1991-00-00)
  7. ? Facciola. S. Cornucopia - A Source Book of Edible Plants. Kampong Publications ISBN 0-9628087-0-9 (1990-00-00)
  8. ? Polunin. O. Flowers of Greece and the Balkans. Oxford University Press ISBN 0-19-217626-9 (1980-00-00)

Cite error: <ref> tag with name "PFAFimport-17" defined in <references> is not used in prior text.

Facts about "Anchusa azurea"RDF feed
Belongs to familyBoraginaceae +
Belongs to genusAnchusa +
Has binomial nameAnchusa azurea +
Has common nameAnchusa +
Has drought toleranceTolerant +
Has edible partFlowers + and Leaves +
Has edible useUnknown use +
Has environmental toleranceDrought +
Has fertility typeBees +
Has flowers of typeHermaphrodite +
Has hardiness zone3 +
Has lifecycle typePerennial +
Has material partUnknown part +
Has material useDye +
Has mature height1.5 +
Has mature width0.6 +
Has medicinal partUnknown part +
Has medicinal useAntitussive +, Depurative +, Diaphoretic +, Diuretic + and Poultice +
Has search nameanchusa azurea + and anchusa +
Has shade toleranceNo shade +
Has soil ph preferenceAcid +, Neutral + and Alkaline +
Has soil texture preferenceSandy +, Loamy +, Clay + and Heavy clay +
Has soil water retention preferenceWell drained +
Has sun preferenceFull sun +
Has taxonomic rankSpecies +
Has taxonomy nameAnchusa azurea +
Has water requirementsmoderate +
Is taxonomy typeSpecies +
PFAF cultivation notes migratedYes +
PFAF edible use notes migratedYes +
PFAF material use notes migratedYes +
PFAF medicinal use notes migratedYes +
PFAF propagation notes migratedYes +
PFAF toxicity notes migratedYes +
Tolerates nutritionally poor soilNo +
Uses mature size measurement unitMeters +
Has subobjectThis property is a special property in this wiki.Anchusa azurea +, Anchusa azurea +, Anchusa azurea +, Anchusa azurea +, Anchusa azurea +, Anchusa azurea +, Anchusa azurea + and Anchusa azurea +