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Uses

Edible uses

There are no edible uses listed for Anemarrhena asphodeloides.

Material uses

The root contains about 6% saponins[1]. Saponins make an excellent soap, having a gentle cleansing effect on the skin and clothes without removing the natural body oils from the skin[K]. To extract the saponins it is usually sufficient to cut the root into thin slices and then gently simmer in water[K].

Unknown part

Medicinal uses(Warning!)

The rhizome is anti-fungal, antiseptic, bitter, diuretic, expectorant, febrifuge, hypoglycaemic, laxative, lenitive, sedative and tonic[2][3][4]. It has an antibacterial action, inhibiting the growth of Bacillus dysenteriae, B. typhi, B. paratyphi, Proteus and Pseudomonas[2]. It is taken internally in the treatment of high fevers in infectious diseases, TB, chronic bronchitis, diabetes and urinary problems[2][3][4]. It should not be given to patients with diarrhoea and should be administered with caution since when taken in excess it can cause a sudden drop in blood pressure[3]. Externally, it is used as a mouthwash in the treatment of ulcers[3]. The rhizome is harvested in the autumn and dried for later use[3].

Ecology

Ecosystem niche/layer

Ecological Functions

Nothing listed.

Forage

Nothing listed.

Shelter

Nothing listed.

Propagation

Seed - best sown as soon as it is ripe in a cold frame, it usually germinates in the spring[5]. Stored seed should be sown in late winter or early spring in a cold frame[6]. It sometimes germinates within 1 - 3 months at 15°c, but may take a year. The seed should be completely separated from the fruit and should only just be covered by soil[6][5]. If the seed has been sown thinly enough, then it is possible to leave the seedlings in the pot for their first growing season, dividing them after they become dormant. Make sure to give them liquid feeds at intervals through the spring and summer. Otherwise prick out the seedlings when they are large enough to handle. Plant out in late spring or early summer at the beginning of their second or third years growth. Division in spring as new growth is just commencing[5].

Practical Plants is currently lacking information on propagation instructions of Anemarrhena asphodeloides. Help us fill in the blanks! Edit this page to add your knowledge.



Cultivation

Requires a rich moist neutral to acid soil that is rich in organic matter, in a position in partial or dappled shade[5]. Plants are tolerant of strong winds[7].

Plants can be naturalized in wild or woodland gardens and other moist shaded situations that approximate to their natural wooded mountain habitats[5]. This species is not hardy in all parts of Britain, it tolerates temperatures down to at least -5°c[3]. This plant is occasionally cultivated in China as a medicinal herb[[7].

The fragrant flowers open in the evening[3].

Crops

Problems, pests & diseases

Associations & Interactions

There are no interactions listed for Anemarrhena asphodeloides. Do you know of an interaction that should be listed here? edit this page to add it.

Polycultures & Guilds

There are no polycultures listed which include Anemarrhena asphodeloides.

Descendants

Cultivars

Varieties

None listed.

Subspecies

None listed.

Full Data

This table shows all the data stored for this plant.

Taxonomy
Binomial name
Anemarrhena asphodeloides
Genus
Anemarrhena
Family
Asphodelaceae
Imported References
Edible uses
Medicinal uses
Material uses & Functions
Botanic
Propagation
Cultivation
Environment
Cultivation
Uses
Edible uses
None listed.
Material uses
None listed.
Medicinal uses
None listed.
Functions & Nature
Functions
Provides forage for
Provides shelter for
Environment
Hardiness Zone
?
Heat Zone
?
Water
moderate
Sun
Shade
partial shade
Soil PH
Soil Texture
Soil Water Retention
Environmental Tolerances
  • Strong wind
Ecosystems
Native Climate Zones
None listed.
Adapted Climate Zones
None listed.
Native Geographical Range
None listed.
Native Environment
None listed.
Ecosystem Niche
None listed.
Root Zone Tendancy
None listed.
Life
Deciduous or Evergreen
Herbaceous or Woody
?
Life Cycle
Growth Rate
?
Mature Size
Fertility
?
Pollinators
?
Flower Colour
?
Flower Type











References

  1. ? 1.01.1 Chopra. R. N., Nayar. S. L. and Chopra. I. C. Glossary of Indian Medicinal Plants (Including the Supplement). Council of Scientific and Industrial Research, New Delhi. (1986-00-00)
  2. ? 2.02.12.22.3 Yeung. Him-Che. Handbook of Chinese Herbs and Formulas. Institute of Chinese Medicine, Los Angeles (1985-00-00)
  3. ? 3.03.13.23.33.43.53.63.7 Bown. D. Encyclopaedia of Herbs and their Uses. Dorling Kindersley, London. ISBN 0-7513-020-31 (1995-00-00)
  4. ? 4.04.14.2 Medicinal Plants in the Republic of Korea World Health Organisation, Manila ISBN 92 9061 120 0 (1998-00-00)
  5. ? 5.05.15.25.35.45.5 Huxley. A. The New RHS Dictionary of Gardening. 1992. MacMillan Press ISBN 0-333-47494-5 (1992-00-00)
  6. ? 6.06.1 Bird. R. (Editor) Growing from Seed. Volume 4. Thompson and Morgan. (1990-00-00)
  7. ? 7.07.1 Kariyone. T. Atlas of Medicinal Plants. ()
  8. ? [Flora of China] (1994-00-00)

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Facts about "Anemarrhena asphodeloides"RDF feed
Article is incompleteYes +
Article requires citationsNo +
Article requires cleanupYes +
Belongs to familyAsphodelaceae +
Belongs to genusAnemarrhena +
Has binomial nameAnemarrhena asphodeloides +
Has common nameZhi Mu +
Has drought toleranceIntolerant +
Has environmental toleranceHigh wind +
Has flowers of typeHermaphrodite +
Has lifecycle typePerennial +
Has material partUnknown part +
Has material useSoap +
Has mature height0.5 +
Has mature width1 +
Has medicinal partUnknown part +
Has medicinal useAntifungal +, Antiseptic +, Bitter +, Diuretic +, Expectorant +, Febrifuge +, Hypoglycaemic +, Laxative +, Lenitive +, Sedative + and Tonic +
Has search nameanemarrhena asphodeloides + and zhi mu +
Has shade tolerancePartial shade +
Has soil ph preferenceAcid + and Neutral +
Has soil texture preferenceSandy +, Loamy + and Clay +
Has taxonomic rankSpecies +
Has taxonomy nameAnemarrhena asphodeloides +
Has water requirementsmoderate +
Is deciduous or evergreenEvergreen +
Is taxonomy typeSpecies +
PFAF cultivation notes migratedNo +
PFAF edible use notes migratedYes +
PFAF material use notes migratedNo +
PFAF medicinal use notes migratedNo +
PFAF propagation notes migratedNo +
PFAF toxicity notes migratedYes +
Tolerates nutritionally poor soilNo +
Tolerates windYes +
Uses mature size measurement unitMeters +
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