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Uses

Edible uses

Notes

Seed - raw or cooked[1][2]. Two types of seed are produced - flowers produced near the ground produce a pod that buries itself just below soil level. These pods contain a single seed are up to 15mm in diameter which can be used as a peanut substitute. They can be harvested throughout the winter and can be eaten raw or cooked[1][3][4][2]. They are sweet and delicious raw with a taste that is more like shelled garden beans than peanuts[5]. Yields are rather low, and it can be a fiddle finding the seeds, but they do make a very pleasant and nutritious snack[K].

Other flowers higher up the plant produce seed pods that do not bury themselves. The seeds in these pods are much smaller and are usually cooked before being eaten[4][5]. They can be used in all the same ways as lentils and are a good source of protein[K]. The overall crop of these seeds is rather low and they are also fiddly to harvest[K].

Root - cooked[6][7]. The root is peeled, boiled and then eaten[7]. Fleshy and nutritious according to one report[8], whilst another says that the root is too small to be of much importance in the diet[7]. Our plants have only produced small and stringy roots[K].

Material uses

There are no material uses listed for Amphicarpaea bracteata.

Medicinal uses(Warning!)

An infusion of the root has been used in the treatment of diarrhoea[7]. Externally, the root has been applied to bites from rattlesnakes[7]. A poultice of the pulverized leaves has been applied with any salve to swellings[7].
There are no medicinal uses listed for Amphicarpaea bracteata.

Ecology

Ecosystem niche/layer

Climber

Ecological Functions

Nitrogen fixer

Forage

Nothing listed.

Shelter

Nothing listed.

Propagation

Seed - pre-soak for 12 hours in warm water and then sow in spring in a semi-shaded position in a greenhouse. Germination usually takes place within a few weeks. When large enough to handle, prick the seedlings out into individual pots and grow them on in the greenhouse for their first winter, planting them out in late spring or early summer. Division. We have been unable to divide this plant because it only makes a small taproot. However, many of the seeds are produced under the ground and these can be harvested like tubers and potted up to make more plants.

Practical Plants is currently lacking information on propagation instructions of Amphicarpaea bracteata. Help us fill in the blanks! Edit this page to add your knowledge.



Cultivation

Requires a moist humus-rich soil in a shady position[8].

The young shoots in spring can be damaged by late frosts[K]. The hog peanut has occasionally been cultivated for its edible seed which has been used as a peanut substitute[5]. Yields at present, however, are rather low[K]. Two types of blossom are produced by the plant - those produced from the leaf axils mostly abort but a few seeds are produced[4]. Solitary, inconspicuous cleistogamous flowers are produced on thread-like stems near the root and, after flowering, the developing seedpods bury themselves into the soil in a manner similar to peanuts[4][9].

This species has a symbiotic relationship with certain soil bacteria, these bacteria form nodules on the roots and fix atmospheric nitrogen. Some of this nitrogen is utilized by the growing plant but some can also be used by other plants growing nearby[8].

Crops

Problems, pests & diseases

Associations & Interactions

There are no interactions listed for Amphicarpaea bracteata. Do you know of an interaction that should be listed here? edit this page to add it.

Polycultures & Guilds

Descendants

Cultivars

Varieties

None listed.

Subspecies

None listed.

Full Data

This table shows all the data stored for this plant.

Taxonomy
Binomial name
Amphicarpaea bracteata
Genus
Amphicarpaea
Family
Leguminosae
Imported References
Medicinal uses
Material uses & Functions
Botanic
Propagation
Cultivation
Environment
Cultivation
Uses
Edible uses
None listed.
Material uses
None listed.
Medicinal uses
None listed.
Functions & Nature
Functions
Provides forage for
Provides shelter for
Environment
Hardiness Zone
7
Heat Zone
?
Water
moderate
Sun
partial sun
Shade
permanent shade
Soil PH
Soil Texture
Soil Water Retention
Environmental Tolerances
    Ecosystems
    Native Climate Zones
    None listed.
    Adapted Climate Zones
    None listed.
    Native Geographical Range
    None listed.
    Native Environment
    None listed.
    Ecosystem Niche
    Root Zone Tendancy
    None listed.
    Life
    Deciduous or Evergreen
    ?
    Herbaceous or Woody
    Life Cycle
    Growth Rate
    ?
    Mature Size
    Fertility
    ?
    Pollinators
    Flower Colour
    ?
    Flower Type

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    "image:Amphicarpa bracteata - hog peanut - desc-foliage.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki. "image:Amphicarpa bracteata - hog peanut - desc-foliage.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.


    "image:Amphicarpa bracteata - hog peanut - desc-foliage.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.

    "image:Amphicarpa bracteata - hog peanut - desc-foliage.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.

    "image:Amphicarpa bracteata - hog peanut - desc-foliage.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki., "image:Amphicarpa bracteata - hog peanut - desc-foliage.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki., "image:Amphicarpa bracteata - hog peanut - desc-foliage.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki. "image:Amphicarpa bracteata - hog peanut - desc-foliage.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki., "image:Amphicarpa bracteata - hog peanut - desc-foliage.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki., "image:Amphicarpa bracteata - hog peanut - desc-foliage.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.

    "image:Amphicarpa bracteata - hog peanut - desc-foliage.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.






    References

    1. ? 1.01.11.2 Hedrick. U. P. Sturtevant's Edible Plants of the World. Dover Publications ISBN 0-486-20459-6 (1972-00-00)
    2. ? 2.02.12.2 Yanovsky. E. Food Plants of the N. American Indians. Publication no. 237. U.S. Depf of Agriculture. ()
    3. ? 3.03.1 Howes. F. N. Nuts. Faber (1948-00-00)
    4. ? 4.04.14.24.34.4 Saunders. C. F. Edible and Useful Wild Plants of the United States and Canada. Dover Publications ISBN 0-486-23310-3 (1976-00-00)
    5. ? 5.05.15.25.3 Facciola. S. Cornucopia - A Source Book of Edible Plants. Kampong Publications ISBN 0-9628087-0-9 (1990-00-00)
    6. ? 6.06.1 Kunkel. G. Plants for Human Consumption. Koeltz Scientific Books ISBN 3874292169 (1984-00-00)
    7. ? 7.07.17.27.37.47.57.67.7 Moerman. D. Native American Ethnobotany Timber Press. Oregon. ISBN 0-88192-453-9 (1998-00-00)
    8. ? 8.08.18.28.38.4 Huxley. A. The New RHS Dictionary of Gardening. 1992. MacMillan Press ISBN 0-333-47494-5 (1992-00-00)
    9. ? Diggs, Jnr. G.M.; Lipscomb. B. L. & O'Kennon. R. J [Illustrated Flora of North Central Texas] Botanical Research Institute, Texas. (1999-00-00)
    10. ? Fernald. M. L. Gray's Manual of Botany. American Book Co. (1950-00-00)
    11. ? Britton. N. L. Brown. A. An Illustrated Flora of the Northern United States and Canada Dover Publications. New York. ISBN 0-486-22642-5 (1970-00-00)

    "image:Amphicarpa bracteata - hog peanut - desc-foliage.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.

    Facts about "Amphicarpaea bracteata"RDF feed
    Article is incompleteYes +
    Article requires citationsNo +
    Article requires cleanupYes +
    Belongs to familyLeguminosae +
    Belongs to genusAmphicarpaea +
    Functions asNitrogen fixer +
    Has binomial nameAmphicarpaea bracteata +
    Has common nameHog Peanut +
    Has drought toleranceIntolerant +
    Has edible partRoot + and Seed +
    Has edible useUnknown use +
    Has fertility typeInsects +
    Has flowers of typeHermaphrodite +
    Has hardiness zone7 +
    Has imageAmphicarpa bracteata - hog peanut - desc-foliage.jpg +
    Has lifecycle typePerennial +
    Has mature height1.5 +
    Has primary imageAmphicarpa bracteata - hog peanut - desc-foliage.jpg +
    Has search nameamphicarpaea bracteata + and hog peanut +
    Has shade tolerancePermanent shade +
    Has soil ph preferenceAcid +, Neutral + and Alkaline +
    Has soil texture preferenceSandy +, Loamy + and Clay +
    Has sun preferencePartial sun +
    Has taxonomic rankSpecies +
    Has taxonomy nameAmphicarpaea bracteata +
    Has water requirementsmoderate +
    Inhabits ecosystem nicheClimber +
    Is herbaceous or woodyWoody +
    Is taxonomy typeSpecies +
    PFAF cultivation notes migratedNo +
    PFAF edible use notes migratedNo +
    PFAF material use notes migratedYes +
    PFAF medicinal use notes migratedNo +
    PFAF propagation notes migratedNo +
    PFAF toxicity notes migratedYes +
    Tolerates nutritionally poor soilNo +
    Uses mature size measurement unitMeters +
    Has subobjectThis property is a special property in this wiki.Amphicarpaea bracteata + and Amphicarpaea bracteata +