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Uses

Toxic parts

No members of this genus are known to be poisonous, but when grown on nitrogen-rich soils they are known to concentrate nitrates in the leaves. This is especially noticeable on land where chemical fertilizers are used. Nitrates are implicated in stomach cancers, blue babies and some other health problems. It is inadvisable, therefore, to eat this plant if it is grown inorganically.

Edible uses

Notes

Leaves and stems - raw or cooked as a spinach[1][2][3]. If older leaves and stems are used the spines must be removed[4]. Highly esteemed[4]. The dried leaves contain (per 100g) 267 - 276 calories, 20 - 34.4% protein, 2 - 4.5% fat, 45 - 54% carbohydrate, 9.8 - 10.4% fibre, 16.6 - 24% ash, 1795 - 5333mg calcium, 333 - 460mg phosphorus, 13.5 - 152.7mg iron, 13 - 37mg sodium, 337 - 3528mg potassium, 27.9 - 40.8mg betacarotene equivalent, 0.06mg thiamine, 2.02mg riboflavin, 7.7 - 8.6mg niacin and 503mg ascorbic acid[5]. Seed - cooked. Very small but easy to harvest and very nutritious. The seed can be cooked whole, and becomes very gelatinous like this, but it is rather difficult to crush all of the small seeds in the mouth and thus some of the seed will pass right through the digestive system without being assimilated[K].

Leaves

Material uses

Yellow and green dyes can be obtained from the whole plant[6]. A red pigment obtained from the plant (the report does not specify which part of the plant) is used as a colouring in foods and medicines[7].

Unknown part

Dye

Medicinal uses(Warning!)

The seed is used as a poultice for broken bones[5].

The plant is astringent, diaphoretic, diuretic, emollient, febrifuge and galactogogue[8][2][9][5][7][10][11]. It is used internally in the treatment of internal bleeding, diarrhoea and excessive menstruation[7][12]. It is also used in the treatment of snake bites[13]. Externally, it is used to treat ulcerated mouths, vaginal discharges, nosebleeds and wounds[7][13]. The plant can be used fresh or it can also be harvested when coming into flower and dried for later use[7].

The root is emmenagogue and galactogogue[13]. A paste of the root is used in the treatment of menorrhagia, gonorrhoea, eczema and colic[13][11]. It helps to remove pus from boils[11]. The juice of the root is used in Nepal to treat fevers, urinary troubles, diarrhoea and dysentery[11]. It is also used, often combind with the root juice of Dichrophela integra and Rubus ellipticus, to treat stomach disorders and, on its own, to treat indigestion and vomiting that occur after eating unusual foods[11].

Ecology

Ecosystem niche/layer

Ecological Functions

Nothing listed.

Forage

Nothing listed.

Shelter

Nothing listed.

Propagation

Seed - sow late spring in situ. An earlier sowing can be made in a greenhouse and the plants put out after the last expected frosts. Germination is usually rapid and good if the soil is warm[14]. A drop in temperature overnight aids germination[14]. Cuttings of growing plants root easily[15].

Practical Plants is currently lacking information on propagation instructions of Amaranthus spinosus. Help us fill in the blanks! Edit this page to add your knowledge.



Cultivation

Prefers a well-drained fertile soil in a sunny position[16]. Requires a hot sheltered position if it is to do well[K].

Plants should not be given inorganic fertilizers, see notes above on toxicity.

Most if not all members of this genus photosynthesize by a more efficient method than most plants. Called the 'C4 carbon-fixation pathway', this process is particularly efficient at high temperatures, in bright sunlight and under dry conditions[17].

Crops

Problems, pests & diseases

Associations & Interactions

There are no interactions listed for Amaranthus spinosus. Do you know of an interaction that should be listed here? edit this page to add it.

Polycultures & Guilds

There are no polycultures listed which include Amaranthus spinosus.

Descendants

Cultivars

Varieties

None listed.

Subspecies

None listed.

Full Data

This table shows all the data stored for this plant.

Taxonomy
Binomial name
Amaranthus spinosus
Genus
Amaranthus
Family
Amaranthaceae
Imported References
Material uses & Functions
Botanic
Propagation
Cultivation
Environment
Cultivation
Uses
Edible uses
None listed.
Material uses
None listed.
Medicinal uses
None listed.
Functions & Nature
Functions
Provides forage for
Provides shelter for
Environment
Hardiness Zone
5
Heat Zone
?
Water
moderate
Sun
full sun
Shade
no shade
Soil PH
Soil Texture
Soil Water Retention
Environmental Tolerances
    Ecosystems
    Native Climate Zones
    None listed.
    Adapted Climate Zones
    None listed.
    Native Geographical Range
    None listed.
    Native Environment
    None listed.
    Ecosystem Niche
    None listed.
    Root Zone Tendancy
    None listed.
    Life
    Deciduous or Evergreen
    ?
    Herbaceous or Woody
    ?
    Life Cycle
    Growth Rate
    ?
    Mature Size
    Fertility
    Pollinators
    Flower Colour
    ?
    Flower Type

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    "image:Starr 080607-7239 Amaranthus spinosus.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki. "image:Starr 080607-7239 Amaranthus spinosus.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.


    "image:Starr 080607-7239 Amaranthus spinosus.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.

    "image:Starr 080607-7239 Amaranthus spinosus.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.

    "image:Starr 080607-7239 Amaranthus spinosus.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki., "image:Starr 080607-7239 Amaranthus spinosus.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki., "image:Starr 080607-7239 Amaranthus spinosus.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki. "image:Starr 080607-7239 Amaranthus spinosus.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki., "image:Starr 080607-7239 Amaranthus spinosus.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki., "image:Starr 080607-7239 Amaranthus spinosus.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki. "image:Starr 080607-7239 Amaranthus spinosus.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki. "image:Starr 080607-7239 Amaranthus spinosus.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.






    References

    1. ? 1.01.1 Hedrick. U. P. Sturtevant's Edible Plants of the World. Dover Publications ISBN 0-486-20459-6 (1972-00-00)
    2. ? 2.02.12.22.3 Usher. G. A Dictionary of Plants Used by Man. Constable ISBN 0094579202 (1974-00-00)
    3. ? 3.03.1 Kunkel. G. Plants for Human Consumption. Koeltz Scientific Books ISBN 3874292169 (1984-00-00)
    4. ? 4.04.14.2 Facciola. S. Cornucopia - A Source Book of Edible Plants. Kampong Publications ISBN 0-9628087-0-9 (1990-00-00)
    5. ? 5.05.15.25.35.4 Duke. J. A. and Ayensu. E. S. Medicinal Plants of China Reference Publications, Inc. ISBN 0-917256-20-4 (1985-00-00)
    6. ? 6.06.1 Grae. I. Nature's Colors - Dyes from Plants. MacMillan Publishing Co. New York. ISBN 0-02-544950-8 (1974-00-00)
    7. ? 7.07.17.27.37.47.57.6 Bown. D. Encyclopaedia of Herbs and their Uses. Dorling Kindersley, London. ISBN 0-7513-020-31 (1995-00-00)
    8. ? 8.08.1 Grieve. A Modern Herbal. Penguin ISBN 0-14-046-440-9 (1984-00-00)
    9. ? 9.09.1 ? A Barefoot Doctors Manual. Running Press ISBN 0-914294-92-X ()
    10. ? 10.010.1 Chopra. R. N., Nayar. S. L. and Chopra. I. C. Glossary of Indian Medicinal Plants (Including the Supplement). Council of Scientific and Industrial Research, New Delhi. (1986-00-00)
    11. ? 11.011.111.211.311.411.5 Manandhar. N. P. Plants and People of Nepal Timber Press. Oregon. ISBN 0-88192-527-6 (2002-00-00)
    12. ? 12.012.1 Chevallier. A. The Encyclopedia of Medicinal Plants Dorling Kindersley. London ISBN 9-780751-303148 (1996-00-00)
    13. ? 13.013.113.213.313.4 Medicinal Plants of Nepal Dept. of Medicinal Plants. Nepal. (1993-00-00)
    14. ? 14.014.1 Rice. G. (Editor) Growing from Seed. Volume 1. Thompson and Morgan. (1987-00-00)
    15. ? Larkcom J. Oriental Vegetables John Murray ISBN 0-7195-4781-4 (1991-00-00)
    16. ? 16.016.1 Huxley. A. The New RHS Dictionary of Gardening. 1992. MacMillan Press ISBN 0-333-47494-5 (1992-00-00)
    17. ? Popenoe. H. et al Lost Crops of the Incas National Academy Press ISBN 0-309-04264-X (1990-00-00)

    Cite error: <ref> tag with name "PFAFimport-72" defined in <references> is not used in prior text.

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    Facts about "Amaranthus spinosus"RDF feed
    Article is incompleteYes +
    Article requires citationsNo +
    Article requires cleanupYes +
    Belongs to familyAmaranthaceae +
    Belongs to genusAmaranthus +
    Has binomial nameAmaranthus spinosus +
    Has common nameSpiny Amaranth +
    Has drought toleranceIntolerant +
    Has edible partLeaves + and Seed +
    Has edible useUnknown use +
    Has fertility typeSelf fertile +, Wind + and Self +
    Has flowers of typeMonoecious +
    Has hardiness zone5 +
    Has imageStarr 080607-7239 Amaranthus spinosus.jpg +
    Has lifecycle typeAnnual +
    Has material partUnknown part +
    Has material useDye +
    Has mature height0.6 +
    Has medicinal partUnknown part +
    Has medicinal useAntidote +, Astringent +, Diaphoretic +, Emmenagogue +, Emollient +, Febrifuge + and VD +
    Has primary imageStarr 080607-7239 Amaranthus spinosus.jpg +
    Has search nameamaranthus spinosus + and spiny amaranth +
    Has shade toleranceNo shade +
    Has soil ph preferenceAcid +, Neutral + and Alkaline +
    Has soil texture preferenceSandy +, Loamy + and Clay +
    Has soil water retention preferenceWell drained +
    Has sun preferenceFull sun +
    Has taxonomic rankSpecies +
    Has taxonomy nameAmaranthus spinosus +
    Has water requirementsmoderate +
    Is taxonomy typeSpecies +
    PFAF cultivation notes migratedNo +
    PFAF edible use notes migratedNo +
    PFAF material use notes migratedNo +
    PFAF medicinal use notes migratedNo +
    PFAF propagation notes migratedNo +
    PFAF toxicity notes migratedNo +
    Tolerates nutritionally poor soilNo +
    Uses mature size measurement unitMeters +
    Has subobjectThis property is a special property in this wiki.Amaranthus spinosus +, Amaranthus spinosus +, Amaranthus spinosus +, Amaranthus spinosus +, Amaranthus spinosus +, Amaranthus spinosus +, Amaranthus spinosus +, Amaranthus spinosus +, Amaranthus spinosus + and Amaranthus spinosus +