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Uses

Toxic parts

Although no individual reports regarding this species have been seen, there have been cases of poisoning caused by the consumption, in large quantities and by some mammals, of certain members of this genus. Dogs seem to be particularly susceptible[1].

Edible uses

Notes

Bulb - raw or cooked[2][3]. The bulb has an excellent crisp texture with a strong onion flavour[4], it can be 4 - 5cm in diameter, though it does not reach this size until the second or third year[5]. It contains about 3.1% protein, 0.12% fat, 18.3% soluble carbohydrate, 0.7% ash[6].

Leaves - raw or cooked[6].

Flowers and young seedpods - raw[6]. Used as a garnish on salads.

Flowers

Leaves

Seedpod

Material uses

The juice of the plant is used as a moth repellent. The whole plant is said to repel insects and moles[7].

Unknown part

Medicinal uses(Warning!)

The whole plant is astringent, carminative and expectorant[8]. It is used in the treatment of stuffiness sensation and pain in the chest, angina pectoris, pleurisy, bronchitis, diarrhoea and tenesmus in cases of dysentery[8]. Although no other specific mention of medicinal uses has been seen for this species, members of this genus are in general very healthy additions to the diet. They contain sulphur compounds (which give them their onion flavour) and when added to the diet on a regular basis they help reduce blood cholesterol levels, act as a tonic to the digestive system and also tonify the circulatory system[K].

Ecology

Ecosystem niche/layer

Ecological Functions

Nothing listed.

Forage

Nothing listed.

Shelter

Nothing listed.

Propagation

Seed - sow spring in a cold frame. Prick out the seedlings into individual pots when they are large enough to handle - if you want to produce clumps more quickly then put three plants in each pot. Grow them on in the greenhouse for at least their first winter and plant them out into their permanent positions in spring once they are growing vigorously and are large enough. Division in spring. Very easy, the plants divide successfully at any time in the growing season and the divisions can be planted straight out into their permanent positions if required.

Practical Plants is currently lacking information on propagation instructions of Allium chinense. Help us fill in the blanks! Edit this page to add your knowledge.



Cultivation

Prefers a sunny position in a light well-drained soil[9]. Tolerates poor soils[5].

Plants often die-back in hot weather mid-summer, coming back into growth in late summer and flowering in the autumn[5]. The flowers seldom set seed in Britain[5]. The bulbs should be planted fairly deeply[9]. Most members of this genus are intolerant of competition from other growing plants[10]. Grows well with most plants, especially roses, carrots, beet and chamomile, but it inhibits the growth of legumes[11][7][12]. This plant is a bad companion for alfalfa, each species negatively affecting the other[13]. This species is widely cultivated for its edible bulb and leaves in Japan, China and many other parts of eastern Asia[14][4].

Members of this genus are rarely if ever troubled by browsing deer[15].

Crops

Problems, pests & diseases

Associations & Interactions

There are no interactions listed for Allium chinense. Do you know of an interaction that should be listed here? edit this page to add it.

Polycultures & Guilds

There are no polycultures listed which include Allium chinense.

Descendants

Cultivars

Varieties

None listed.

Subspecies

None listed.

Full Data

This table shows all the data stored for this plant.

Taxonomy
Binomial name
Allium chinense
Genus
Allium
Family
Alliaceae
Imported References
Edible uses
Medicinal uses
Material uses & Functions
Botanic
Propagation
Cultivation
Environment
Cultivation
Uses
Edible uses
None listed.
Material uses
None listed.
Medicinal uses
None listed.
Functions & Nature
Functions
Provides forage for
Provides shelter for
Environment
Hardiness Zone
7
Heat Zone
?
Water
moderate
Sun
full sun
Shade
no shade
Soil PH
Soil Texture
Soil Water Retention
Environmental Tolerances
    Ecosystems
    Native Climate Zones
    None listed.
    Adapted Climate Zones
    None listed.
    Native Geographical Range
    None listed.
    Native Environment
    None listed.
    Ecosystem Niche
    None listed.
    Root Zone Tendancy
    None listed.
    Life
    Deciduous or Evergreen
    Herbaceous or Woody
    ?
    Life Cycle
    ?
    Growth Rate
    ?
    Mature Size
    Fertility
    ?
    Pollinators
    Flower Colour
    ?
    Flower Type

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    "image:Allium chinense (as Caloscordum exsertum) Edwards's Bot. Reg. 33. 5. 1847.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki. "image:Allium chinense (as Caloscordum exsertum) Edwards's Bot. Reg. 33. 5. 1847.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.


    "image:Allium chinense (as Caloscordum exsertum) Edwards's Bot. Reg. 33. 5. 1847.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.

    "image:Allium chinense (as Caloscordum exsertum) Edwards's Bot. Reg. 33. 5. 1847.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.

    "image:Allium chinense (as Caloscordum exsertum) Edwards's Bot. Reg. 33. 5. 1847.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki., "image:Allium chinense (as Caloscordum exsertum) Edwards's Bot. Reg. 33. 5. 1847.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki., "image:Allium chinense (as Caloscordum exsertum) Edwards's Bot. Reg. 33. 5. 1847.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki. "image:Allium chinense (as Caloscordum exsertum) Edwards's Bot. Reg. 33. 5. 1847.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki., "image:Allium chinense (as Caloscordum exsertum) Edwards's Bot. Reg. 33. 5. 1847.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki. "image:Allium chinense (as Caloscordum exsertum) Edwards's Bot. Reg. 33. 5. 1847.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki. "image:Allium chinense (as Caloscordum exsertum) Edwards's Bot. Reg. 33. 5. 1847.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.






    References

    1. ? Cooper. M. and Johnson. A. Poisonous Plants in Britain and their Effects on Animals and Man. HMSO ISBN 0112425291 (1984-00-00)
    2. ? 2.02.1 Brooklyn Botanic Garden Oriental Herbs and Vegetables, Vol 39 No. 2. Brooklyn Botanic Garden (1986-00-00)
    3. ? 3.03.1 Kunkel. G. Plants for Human Consumption. Koeltz Scientific Books ISBN 3874292169 (1984-00-00)
    4. ? 4.04.14.2 Facciola. S. Cornucopia - A Source Book of Edible Plants. Kampong Publications ISBN 0-9628087-0-9 (1990-00-00)
    5. ? 5.05.15.25.35.4 Larkcom J. Oriental Vegetables John Murray ISBN 0-7195-4781-4 (1991-00-00)
    6. ? 6.06.16.26.3 Reid. B. E. Famine Foods of the Chiu-Huang Pen-ts'ao. Taipei. Southern Materials Centre (1977-00-00)
    7. ? 7.07.17.2 Riotte. L. Companion Planting for Successful Gardening. Garden Way, Vermont, USA. ISBN 0-88266-064-0 (1978-00-00)
    8. ? 8.08.18.2 Yeung. Him-Che. Handbook of Chinese Herbs and Formulas. Institute of Chinese Medicine, Los Angeles (1985-00-00)
    9. ? 9.09.1 F. Chittendon. RHS Dictionary of Plants plus Supplement. 1956 Oxford University Press (1951-00-00)
    10. ? Davies. D. Alliums. The Ornamental Onions. Batsford ISBN 0-7134-7030-5 (1992-00-00)
    11. ? Philbrick H. and Gregg R. B. Companion Plants. Watkins (1979-00-00)
    12. ? Hatfield. A. W. How to Enjoy your Weeds. Frederick Muller Ltd ISBN 0-584-10141-4 (1977-00-00)
    13. ? Allardice.P. A - Z of Companion Planting. Cassell Publishers Ltd. ISBN 0-304-34324-2 (1993-00-00)
    14. ? 14.014.1 Ohwi. G. Flora of Japan. (English translation) Smithsonian Institution (1965-00-00)
    15. ? Thomas. G. S. Perennial Garden Plants J. M. Dent & Sons, London. ISBN 0 460 86048 8 (1990-00-00)
    16. ? Huxley. A. The New RHS Dictionary of Gardening. 1992. MacMillan Press ISBN 0-333-47494-5 (1992-00-00)

    "image:Allium chinense (as Caloscordum exsertum) Edwards's Bot. Reg. 33. 5. 1847.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.

    Facts about "Allium chinense"RDF feed
    Article is incompleteYes +
    Article requires citationsNo +
    Article requires cleanupYes +
    Belongs to familyAlliaceae +
    Belongs to genusAllium +
    Has binomial nameAllium chinense +
    Has common nameRakkyo +
    Has drought toleranceIntolerant +
    Has edible partFlowers +, Leaves +, Root + and Seedpod +
    Has edible useUnknown use +
    Has fertility typeBees + and Insects +
    Has flowers of typeHermaphrodite +
    Has hardiness zone7 +
    Has imageAllium chinense (as Caloscordum exsertum) Edwards's Bot. Reg. 33. 5. 1847.jpg +
    Has material partUnknown part +
    Has material useRepellent +
    Has mature height0.3 +
    Has medicinal partUnknown part +
    Has medicinal useAstringent +, Carminative + and Expectorant +
    Has primary imageAllium chinense (as Caloscordum exsertum) Edwards's Bot. Reg. 33. 5. 1847.jpg +
    Has search nameallium chinense + and rakkyo +
    Has shade toleranceNo shade +
    Has soil ph preferenceAcid +, Neutral + and Alkaline +
    Has soil texture preferenceSandy + and Loamy +
    Has soil water retention preferenceWell drained +
    Has sun preferenceFull sun +
    Has taxonomic rankSpecies +
    Has taxonomy nameAllium chinense +
    Has water requirementsmoderate +
    Is deciduous or evergreenEvergreen +
    Is taxonomy typeSpecies +
    PFAF cultivation notes migratedNo +
    PFAF edible use notes migratedNo +
    PFAF material use notes migratedNo +
    PFAF medicinal use notes migratedNo +
    PFAF propagation notes migratedNo +
    PFAF toxicity notes migratedNo +
    Tolerates nutritionally poor soilNo +
    Uses mature size measurement unitMeters +
    Has subobjectThis property is a special property in this wiki.Allium chinense +, Allium chinense +, Allium chinense +, Allium chinense +, Allium chinense +, Allium chinense +, Allium chinense + and Allium chinense +