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Uses

Edible uses

Fruit

Leaves

Material uses

Bark

Medicinal uses(Warning!)

The fruits, stems and roots are diuretic, febrifuge and sedative[11]. They are used in the treatment of stones in the urinary tract, rheumatoid arthralgia, cancers of the liver and oesophagus[11].

Unknown part

Ecology

Ecosystem niche/layer

Climber

Ecological Functions

Nothing listed.

Forage

Nothing listed.

Shelter

Nothing listed.

Propagation

Seed - sow spring in a greenhouse[12]. It is probably best if the seed is given 3 months stratification[13], either sow it in a cold frame as soon as it is ripe in November or as soon as it is received. Fresh seed germinates in 2 - 3 months at 10°c, stored seed can take longer[12]. When they are large enough to handle, prick the seedlings out into individual pots and grow them on in light shade in the greenhouse for at least their first winter. When the plants are 30cm or more tall, plant them out into their permanent positions in late spring or early summer, after the last expected frosts[K]. Most seedlings are male[14]. The seedlings are subject to damping off, they must be kept well ventilated[13]. Cuttings of softwood as soon as ready in spring in a frame[K]. Cuttings of half-ripe wood, July/August in a frame. Very high percentage[13]. Cuttings of ripe wood, October/November in a frame.

Practical Plants is currently lacking information on propagation instructions of Actinidia deliciosa. Help us fill in the blanks! Edit this page to add your knowledge.



Cultivation

Prefers a sound loamy acid soil, it dislikes alkaline soils and becomes chlorotic at pH 6 or higher[4]. Tolerates a pH in the range 5.5 to 7.3. Succeeds in semi-shade but full sun is best for fruit production[3][14][15]. Prefers a sheltered position[15]. Does well when grown into trees[K]. Plants requires a 6 - 8 month frost-free growing season[16][15]. They are hardy to about -12°c when fully dormant but young growth is very subject to damage by late frosts, being killed back at -2°c[16][15]. Plants also require a winter chilling of 600 - 1100 hours below 7°c and a long warm summer to ripen the fruit[15]. Plants fruit on second year wood or on fruit spurs produced on older wood[14], any pruning is best carried out in the winter[17]. The flowers are sweetly scented[18]. A very ornamental plant[1], it is widely cultivated in warm temperate zones for its edible fruit, there are many named varieties[6][15]. The fruit can store for up to 9 months at 0°c with a relative humidity of 90%, but under domestic conditions 4 - 6 weeks is optimal[15]. This is a rampant climbing plant, supporting itself by twining around branches etc[15]. Plants have been seen with very good crops of fruit at the Hillier Arboretum in Hampshire in several autumns. These plants had outgrown their planned supports and had climbed 15 metres into neighbouring trees. The main problem with them would be how to harvest the fruit[K]. The female 'Heywood' is the most commonly cultivated form in Britain (1993), its fruits store well but it tends to flower late and there can be problems with pollination[14]. The cultivar 'Blake' is said to be fast cropping and self-fertile[15]. The male 'Tomurii' is free-flowering and disease-resistant[19]. Plants in this genus are notably resistant to honey fungus[15]. Plants are usually dioecious, but hermaphrodite forms are known. However, the fruit quality and yield of these hermaphrodite forms is usually inferior[4]. Male and female plants must usually be grown if seed is required, one male to five or six females is normally adequate.

Crops

Problems, pests & diseases

Associations & Interactions

There are no interactions listed for Actinidia deliciosa. Do you know of an interaction that should be listed here? edit this page to add it.

Polycultures & Guilds

There are no polycultures listed which include Actinidia deliciosa.

Descendants

Cultivars

Varieties

None listed.

Subspecies

None listed.

Full Data

This table shows all the data stored for this plant.

Taxonomy
Binomial name
Actinidia deliciosa
Genus
Actinidia
Family
Actinidiaceae
Imported References
Medicinal uses
Material uses & Functions
Botanic
Propagation
Cultivation
Environment
Cultivation
Uses
Edible uses
None listed.
Material uses
None listed.
Medicinal uses
None listed.
Functions & Nature
Functions
Provides forage for
Provides shelter for
Environment
Hardiness Zone
7
Heat Zone
?
Water
moderate
Sun
full sun
Shade
light shade
Soil PH
Soil Texture
Soil Water Retention
Environmental Tolerances
    Ecosystems
    Native Climate Zones
    None listed.
    Adapted Climate Zones
    None listed.
    Native Geographical Range
    None listed.
    Native Environment
    None listed.
    Ecosystem Niche
    Root Zone Tendancy
    None listed.
    Life
    Deciduous or Evergreen
    ?
    Herbaceous or Woody
    ?
    Life Cycle
    ?
    Growth Rate
    Mature Size
    9 x
    Fertility
    Pollinators
    ?
    Flower Colour
    ?
    Flower Type

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    "image:Kiwi (Actinidia chinensis) 1 Luc Viatour.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki. "image:Kiwi (Actinidia chinensis) 1 Luc Viatour.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.


    "image:Kiwi (Actinidia chinensis) 1 Luc Viatour.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.

    "image:Kiwi (Actinidia chinensis) 1 Luc Viatour.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.

    "image:Kiwi (Actinidia chinensis) 1 Luc Viatour.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki. "image:Kiwi (Actinidia chinensis) 1 Luc Viatour.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki., "image:Kiwi (Actinidia chinensis) 1 Luc Viatour.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki., "image:Kiwi (Actinidia chinensis) 1 Luc Viatour.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.

    "image:Kiwi (Actinidia chinensis) 1 Luc Viatour.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.


    "image:Kiwi (Actinidia chinensis) 1 Luc Viatour.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.




    References

    1. ? 1.01.11.2 F. Chittendon. RHS Dictionary of Plants plus Supplement. 1956 Oxford University Press (32202/01/01)
    2. ? 2.02.1 Hedrick. U. P. Sturtevant's Edible Plants of the World. Dover Publications ISBN 0-486-20459-6 (32202/01/01)
    3. ? 3.03.13.2 Simmons. A. E. Growing Unusual Fruit. David and Charles ISBN 0-7153-5531-7 (32202/01/01)
    4. ? 4.04.14.24.34.4 Bean. W. Trees and Shrubs Hardy in Great Britain. Vol 1 - 4 and Supplement. Murray (32202/01/01)
    5. ? 5.05.1 Tanaka. T. Tanaka's Cyclopaedia of Edible Plants of the World. Keigaku Publishing (32202/01/01)
    6. ? 6.06.16.2 Facciola. S. Cornucopia - A Source Book of Edible Plants. Kampong Publications ISBN 0-9628087-0-9 (32202/01/01)
    7. ? 7.07.17.27.3 Duke. J. A. and Ayensu. E. S. Medicinal Plants of China Reference Publications, Inc. ISBN 0-917256-20-4 (32202/01/01)
    8. ? 8.08.1 Bianchini. F., Corbetta. F. and Pistoia. M. Fruits of the Earth. ()
    9. ? 9.09.1 Reid. B. E. Famine Foods of the Chiu-Huang Pen-ts'ao. Taipei. Southern Materials Centre (32202/01/01)
    10. ? 10.010.110.2 Stuart. Rev. G. A. Chinese Materia Medica. Taipei. Southern Materials Centre ()
    11. ? 11.011.111.2 ? A Barefoot Doctors Manual. Running Press ISBN 0-914294-92-X ()
    12. ? 12.012.1 Rice. G. (Editor) Growing from Seed. Volume 1. Thompson and Morgan. (32202/01/01)
    13. ? 13.013.113.2 Dirr. M. A. and Heuser. M. W. The Reference Manual of Woody Plant Propagation. Athens Ga. Varsity Press ISBN 0942375009 (32202/01/01)
    14. ? 14.014.114.214.3 ? The Plantsman. Vol. 6. 1984 - 1985. Royal Horticultural Society (32202/01/01)
    15. ? 15.0015.0115.0215.0315.0415.0515.0615.0715.0815.0915.10 Huxley. A. The New RHS Dictionary of Gardening. 1992. MacMillan Press ISBN 0-333-47494-5 (32202/01/01)
    16. ? 16.016.1 Natural Food Institute, Wonder Crops. 1987. ()
    17. ? Grey-Wilson. C. & Matthews. V. Gardening on Walls Collins ISBN 0-00-219220-0 (32202/01/01)
    18. ? Genders. R. Scented Flora of the World. Robert Hale. London. ISBN 0-7090-5440-8 (32202/01/01)
    19. ? Davis. B. Climbers and Wall Shrubs. Viking. ISBN 0-670-82929-3 (32202/01/01)


    "image:Kiwi (Actinidia chinensis) 1 Luc Viatour.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.

    Facts about "Actinidia deliciosa"RDF feed
    Article is incompleteYes +
    Article requires citationsNo +
    Article requires cleanupYes +
    Belongs to familyActinidiaceae +
    Belongs to genusActinidia +
    Has binomial nameActinidia deliciosa +
    Has common nameKiwi Fruit +
    Has drought toleranceIntolerant +
    Has edible partFruit + and Leaves +
    Has edible useFresh +, Cooked + and Survival +
    Has fertility typeSelf sterile +
    Has flowers of typeDioecious +
    Has growth rateModerate +
    Has hardiness zone7 +
    Has imageKiwi (Actinidia chinensis) 1 Luc Viatour.jpg +
    Has material partBark +
    Has material usePaper + and Pencil +
    Has mature height9 +
    Has medicinal partUnknown part +
    Has medicinal useDiuretic +, Febrifuge + and Sedative +
    Has primary imageKiwi (Actinidia chinensis) 1 Luc Viatour.jpg +
    Has search nameactinidia deliciosa + and kiwi fruit +
    Has seed requiring scarificationNo +
    Has seed requiring stratificationNo +
    Has shade toleranceLight shade +
    Has soil ph preferenceAcid +
    Has soil texture preferenceSandy +, Loamy + and Clay +
    Has sun preferenceFull sun +
    Has taxonomic rankSpecies +
    Has taxonomy nameActinidia deliciosa +
    Has water requirementsmoderate +
    Inhabits ecosystem nicheClimber +
    Is taxonomy typeSpecies +
    PFAF cultivation notes migratedYes +
    PFAF edible use notes migratedYes +
    PFAF material use notes migratedYes +
    PFAF medicinal use notes migratedYes +
    PFAF propagation notes migratedYes +
    PFAF toxicity notes migratedYes +
    Tolerates air pollutionNo +
    Tolerates maritime exposureNo +
    Tolerates nutritionally poor soilNo +
    Tolerates windNo +
    Has subobjectThis property is a special property in this wiki.Actinidia deliciosa +, Actinidia deliciosa +, Actinidia deliciosa +, Actinidia deliciosa +, Actinidia deliciosa +, Actinidia deliciosa + and Actinidia deliciosa +