Uses

Edible uses

Notes

Flowers - cooked[1]. Rich in pollen, they are often used in fritters[1].

The bark exudes an edible gum[2]. Some species produce a gum that is dark and is liable to be astringent and distasteful, but others produce a light gum and this is sweet and pleasant. It can be sucked like candy or soaked in water to make a jelly[3]. The gum can be warmed when it becomes soft and chewable[3]. Seed - cooked. It is dried, ground into a flour and used with cereals in making cakes etc[4][2]. Acacia seeds are highly nutritious and contain approx 26% protein, 26% available carbohydrate, 32% fibre and 9% fat[5]. The fat content is higher than most legumes with the aril providing the bulk of fatty acids present[5]. These fatty acids are largely unsaturated which is a distinct health advantage although it presents storage problems as such fats readily oxidise[5]. The mean total carbohydrate content of 55.8 + 13.7% is lower than that of lentils, but higher than that of soybeans while the mean fibre content of 32.3 + 14.3% is higher than that of other legumes such as lentils with a level of 11.7%[5]. The energy content is high in all species tested, averaging 1480+270 kJ per 100g[5]. Wattle seeds are low glycaemic index foods. The starch is digested and absorbed very slowly, producing a small, but sustained rise in blood glucose and so delaying the onset of exhaustion in prolonged exercise[5]. A sweet red or white 'lerp' that forms on the leaves and branches is eaten[2]. Lerp is a protective shield secreted from the anus of sap-sucking insects[3]. The taste is sweet and it was used as a staple food by the Aborigines in some areas of Australia[3]. It is not clear if the lerp is eaten when the insects are still present or if it can be eaten after they have gone[K].

A large succulent gall, known as 'mulga apple' is produced by the tree and is said to quench the thirst[2].

Unknown part

Flowers

Sap

Material uses

A yellow dye is obtained from the flowers[6].

A green dye is obtained from the seed pods[6]. The extensive root system of this plant helps to prevent soil erosion[7]. The twigs are used to make a dishmop[8].

Wood - turns well, takes a high polish. It is used extensively for ornaments and fencing[8][9][10].

Unknown part

Medicinal uses(Warning!)

There are no medicinal uses listed for Acacia aneura.

Ecology

Ecosystem niche/layer

Ecological Functions

Nothing listed.

Forage

Nothing listed.

Shelter

Nothing listed.

Propagation

Seed - best sown as soon as it is ripe in a sunny position in a warm greenhouse[11]. Stored seed should be scarified, pre-soaked for 12 hours in warm water and then sown in a warm greenhouse in March. The seed germinates in 3 - 4 weeks at 25°c[12]. As soon as the seedlings are large enough to handle, prick them out into individual pots and grow them on in a sunny position in the greenhouse for their first winter. Plant them out in late spring or early summer, after the last expected frosts, and consider giving them some protection from the cold for their first winter outdoors. Cuttings of half-ripe wood with a heel, July/August in individual pots in a frame[13]. Overwinter in a greenhouse for the first winter and plant out in their permanent positions in late spring or early summer. Fair percentage[13].

Practical Plants is currently lacking information on propagation instructions of Acacia aneura. Help us fill in the blanks! Edit this page to add your knowledge.



Cultivation

Prefers a sandy loam and a very sunny position[11]. Succeeds in any good garden soil that is not excessively limey[14]. Most species become chlorotic on limey soils[7]. In the wild this species tolerates periodic inundation[10], though it is also very drought tolerant[15].

Hardy to at least -7c in Australian gardens[9], though this cannot be translated directly to British gardens due to our cooler summers and longer colder and wetter winters. Trees are not very hardy outdoors in Britain, even in the mildest areas of the country they are likely to be killed in excessively harsh winters[14].

This species has a symbiotic relationship with certain soil bacteria, these bacteria form nodules on the roots and fix atmospheric nitrogen. Some of this nitrogen is utilized by the growing plant but some can also be used by other plants growing nearby[7].

Crops

Problems, pests & diseases

Associations & Interactions

There are no interactions listed for Acacia aneura. Do you know of an interaction that should be listed here? edit this page to add it.

Polycultures & Guilds

There are no polycultures listed which include Acacia aneura.

Descendants

Cultivars

Varieties

None listed.

Subspecies

None listed.

Full Data

This table shows all the data stored for this plant.

Taxonomy
Binomial name
Acacia aneura
Genus
Acacia
Family
Leguminosae
Imported References
Edible uses
Medicinal uses
Material uses & Functions
Botanic
Propagation
Cultivation
Environment
Cultivation
Uses
Edible uses
None listed.
Material uses
None listed.
Medicinal uses
None listed.
Functions & Nature
Provides forage for
Provides shelter for
Environment
Hardiness Zone
9
Heat Zone
?
Water
moderate
Sun
full sun
Shade
no shade
Soil PH
Soil Texture
Soil Water Retention
Environmental Tolerances
  • Drought
Ecosystems
Native Climate Zones
None listed.
Adapted Climate Zones
None listed.
Native Geographical Range
None listed.
Native Environment
None listed.
Ecosystem Niche
None listed.
Root Zone Tendancy
None listed.
Life
Deciduous or Evergreen
Herbaceous or Woody
Life Cycle
Growth Rate
?
Mature Size
15 x
Fertility
?
Pollinators
?
Flower Colour
?
Flower Type

"image:Acacia aneura blossom.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki. "image:Acacia aneura blossom.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki. "image:Acacia aneura blossom.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.

"image:Acacia aneura blossom.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki. "image:Acacia aneura blossom.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.


"image:Acacia aneura blossom.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.

"image:Acacia aneura blossom.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.

"image:Acacia aneura blossom.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki., "image:Acacia aneura blossom.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki. "image:Acacia aneura blossom.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki., "image:Acacia aneura blossom.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki. "image:Acacia aneura blossom.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki. "image:Acacia aneura blossom.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki."image:Acacia aneura blossom.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.


"image:Acacia aneura blossom.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.



Earth stabiliser

"image:Acacia aneura blossom.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.

Nitrogen fixer

"image:Acacia aneura blossom.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.


References

  1. ? 1.01.11.2 Cribb. A. B. and J. W. Wild Food in Australia. Fontana ISBN 0-00-634436-4 (32202/01/01)
  2. ? 2.02.12.22.32.4 Facciola. S. Cornucopia - A Source Book of Edible Plants. Kampong Publications ISBN 0-9628087-0-9 (32202/01/01)
  3. ? 3.03.13.23.33.4 Low. T. Wild Food Plants of Australia. Angus and Robertson. ISBN 0-207-14383-8 (32202/01/01)
  4. ? 4.04.1 Kunkel. G. Plants for Human Consumption. Koeltz Scientific Books ISBN 3874292169 (32202/01/01)
  5. ? 5.05.15.25.35.45.55.6 Lister. P. www.uws.edu.au/vip/listerp/wattle.htm Wattleseed ()
  6. ? 6.06.16.2 Grae. I. Nature's Colors - Dyes from Plants. MacMillan Publishing Co. New York. ISBN 0-02-544950-8 (32202/01/01)
  7. ? 7.07.17.27.37.4 Huxley. A. The New RHS Dictionary of Gardening. 1992. MacMillan Press ISBN 0-333-47494-5 (32202/01/01)
  8. ? 8.08.18.2 Cribb. A. B. and J. W. Useful Wild Plants in Australia. William Collins Pty Ltd. Sidney ISBN 0-00-216441-8 (32202/01/01)
  9. ? 9.09.19.2 Wrigley. J. W. and Fagg. M. Australian Native Plants. Collins. (Australia) ISBN 0-7322-0021-0 (32202/01/01)
  10. ? 10.010.110.2 Holliday. I. and Hill. R. A Field Guide to Australian Trees. Frederick Muller Ltd. ISBN 0-85179-627-3 (32202/01/01)
  11. ? 11.011.1 F. Chittendon. RHS Dictionary of Plants plus Supplement. 1956 Oxford University Press (32202/01/01)
  12. ? Rice. G. (Editor) Growing from Seed. Volume 1. Thompson and Morgan. (32202/01/01)
  13. ? 13.013.1 Sheat. W. G. Propagation of Trees, Shrubs and Conifers. MacMillan and Co (32202/01/01)
  14. ? 14.014.1 Bean. W. Trees and Shrubs Hardy in Great Britain. Vol 1 - 4 and Supplement. Murray (32202/01/01)
  15. ? Genders. R. Scented Flora of the World. Robert Hale. London. ISBN 0-7090-5440-8 (32202/01/01)



"image:Acacia aneura blossom.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.

Facts about "Acacia aneura"RDF feed
Article is incompleteNo +
Article requires citationsNo +
Article requires cleanupNo +
Belongs to familyLeguminosae +
Belongs to genusAcacia +
Functions asEarth stabiliser + and Nitrogen fixer +
Has binomial nameAcacia aneura +
Has common nameMulga Acacia +
Has drought toleranceTolerant +
Has edible partUnknown part +, Flowers +, Sap + and Seed +
Has edible useDrink +, Unknown use +, Gum + and Manna +
Has environmental toleranceDrought +
Has flowers of typeHermaphrodite +
Has hardiness zone9 +
Has imageAcacia aneura blossom.jpg +
Has lifecycle typePerennial +
Has material partUnknown part +
Has material useBrush +, Dye + and Wood +
Has mature height15 +
Has primary imageAcacia aneura blossom.jpg +
Has search nameacacia aneura + and mulga acacia +
Has seed requiring scarificationNo +
Has seed requiring stratificationNo +
Has shade toleranceNo shade +
Has soil ph preferenceAcid + and Neutral +
Has soil texture preferenceSandy + and Loamy +
Has soil water retention preferenceWell drained +
Has sun preferenceFull sun +
Has taxonomic rankSpecies +
Has taxonomy nameAcacia aneura +
Has water requirementsmoderate +
Is deciduous or evergreenEvergreen +
Is herbaceous or woodyWoody +
Is taxonomy typeSpecies +
PFAF cultivation notes migratedNo +
PFAF edible use notes migratedNo +
PFAF material use notes migratedNo +
PFAF medicinal use notes migratedYes +
PFAF propagation notes migratedNo +
PFAF toxicity notes migratedYes +
Tolerates air pollutionNo +
Tolerates maritime exposureNo +
Tolerates nutritionally poor soilNo +
Tolerates windNo +
Has subobjectThis property is a special property in this wiki.Acacia aneura +, Acacia aneura +, Acacia aneura +, Acacia aneura +, Acacia aneura +, Acacia aneura +, Acacia aneura + and Acacia aneura +